Female athletes follow a strict diet plan, medical experts say, emphasizing that they undergo rigorous training prior to any sports activity. It is not unusual for athletes suffer from bone fractures, blisters and bunions as a consequence. In addition, female athletes may also suffer from amenorrhea, a condition characterized by loss of monthly menstrual periods. 

According to Dr. Ginny Ryan, an endocrinologist in the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, “amenorrhea can be triggered by weight loss, disordered eating and stress, all of which are common among women athletes.” This condition may cause complications and one of which is bone thinning or osteopenia, a bone density problem that decreases the bone mass, making them susceptible to fractures. Some athletes who suffer from hip bone fracture due to osteopenia had Pinnacle hip replacement surgery.

Research data demonstrate that athletes who participate in sports requiring high endurance such as running, gymnastics, ballet and swimming are at a higher risk of developing amenorrhea. Many of these athletes become energy deficient and this could cause reproductive health problems such as amenorrhea.

What are the ways to reverse amenorrhea?

1.       Make changes in the diet

Female athletes who engage in vigorous sports activities are sometimes unaware that they no longer have enough calories or nutrients to meet the demands of the body. Thus, an increase in calorie intake by 10 to 15 percent is ideal if the athlete has missed a period for at least three months. An increase in the body weight by two to three pounds is also important because body weight related problems are an integral part of this condition.

2.       Reduce training volume

Medical studies indicate that physical stress brought about by intensive training plays a significant role in the emergence of amenorrhea. Athletes who tend to exercise, run, jog or swim longer are more likely to develop amenorrhea. By reducing the volume of physical training, you’ll be able to lessen physical stress which may have caused amenorrhea.

3.       Increase Calcium intake

Amenorrhea may be caused by poor nutritional such as a lack of calcium. Calcium is one of the essential nutrients that helps strengthen the bones. To avoid weakening bones, athletes should make calcium a part of their diet.

4.       Rest

Amenorrhea is a stress-related disorder. It usually arises when there is excessive physical stress although it was noted by doctors that psychological stress seems to have a little effect.  Rest, therefore, is proper to reduce the incidence of stress.

5.       Seek professional help

Consult a doctor so that you will be given the proper medication. Amenorrhea may also be due to reduced levels of estrogen due to excessive physical training and the doctor may prescribe medicines that may increase estrogen levels. Consult a nutritionist so that you will be guided with the appropriate diet plan. Talk to you trainer so that he can make minimal adjustments to your exercise regimen.
Athletes should take the symptoms of amenorrhea seriously and take drastic steps to reverse amenorrhea. In a research study pioneered by Dr. Barbara Drinkwater, she showed that amenorrhea may cause serious complications. In her study, she found out that female athletes with amenorrhea had significantly lower bone density than women athletes who had normal periods. According to her, exercise related amenorrhea may lead to irreversible bone loss. Weak bones are prone to breaking. Athletes are exposed to the dangers of slips and falls and they may suffer broken hip bones along the way. It may leave them at a losing end when there is no other medical option reverse the condition other than a Depuy Pinnacle hip replacement surgery.

URL References:
  • mayoclinic.com/health/amenorrhea/DS00581/DSECTION=symptoms
  • sportsmedicine.about.com/od/women/a/Amenorrhea.htm
  • uihealthcare.com/topics/medicaldepartments/internalmedicine/amenorrhea/index.html